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Seafood farming is an aquaculture business, designed to raise and produce freshwater prawns or shrimp for human consumption. Freshwater prawn farming shares few characteristic and same problems with marine shrimp farming. Giant river prawns live in turbid freshwater, but their larval stages require brackish water to survive.

The ecological impact of freshwater prawn farming is less severe than in shrimp farming. The prawns are cultured at much lower densities, meaning less concentrated waste products and a lesser danger of the ponds becoming breeding places for diseases.